Enlightenment is man’s leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one’s intelligence without the guidance of another. Such immaturity is self-caused if it is not caused by lack of intelligence, but by lack of determination and courage to use one’s intelligence without being guided by another. Sapere Aude! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! This is, therefore, the motto of the enlightenment…
“We are what we are, we see what we see, and we know what we know, because of the evolution and according to the evolution. Any scientific or philosophical discussion ignoring evolution is naive and lame. ” -Me
Subquestions and everyday relevance
- Why things change?
- Is there a trend?
- Is there a purpose?
- Can human mind evolve?
- Is the history, the civilization, the Universe in its nature linear or circular?
- How is this question relevant to our everyday life?
(It is not, you can live happily without being bothered by the idea of the evolution.)
How to work on the answer to Question #10
That is the only Big Question, which is not the part of the classical, unanswerable, basic questions of the mankind. Adding this question to our list was partly personal, as I have studied evolution for the last 30 years, but beyond the personal, I think, the evolutionary look at the world is the part of any rational worldview.
Examples of answers:
Ann Marshall: “To keep things interesting for God”
Linda Gambill: “To nudge us to look at the little sticker on the windshield that reminds us to change the oil.”
Many our problems stem from the fact that we are so dreadfully close to them. They just sit in front of our fat noses and we can not see anything beyond them. Evolutionary thinking gives you a broader perspective. Modern human is also called homo historicus, as the species which has the history. But we can now look deeper and broader than history, we can look into the history of life on Earth, into cosmic space, into subatomic world, into time itself. Won’t it feel good?
Well, the planned interview is not coming. I wanted to talk to Clement Vidal, a Belgian philosopher who wrote about the future worlds, evolution, worldview, and complexity. Here is my letter:
“Dear Clement, I read with the great interest your article about the worldview. I think you created the monster! You single handed created a new branch of philosophy; the philosophy of the worldview, with its own methodology, history and a purpose. this is great, this is needed. The people have a lot of difficulties when it comes to creating the personal explicit worldview. But, I think, this work is rewarding, and the world would be a better place if more people work on it. It is why I and my daughter Sophia created Philozophy.com. Now I am writing a companion paper called “Worldview Owner’s Manual”. I am trying to shift from the attempts to improve on Aristotle, do unanswerable answers, towards something like savoir vivre in the broad and literary sense ( I mean after one figured out how to hold the fork), something useful and beneficial for the participant. In the first part, I am discussing the general issues, like what is the worldview and why one should write it down, etc. In the second part, there are 13 short chapters each for one of our Big Questions. At the end of each chapter, there is a “guest’s interview, an essay or a worldview story”. Again, rather than pure philosophy, I prefer personal insight or story. The length varies- 1 to even 5 or more pages.